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Consumer Protection in Digital Services: E-Commerce and Digital Payment Systems in Myanmar

Consumer Protection in Digital Services: E-Commerce and Digital Payment Systems in Myanmar

July 9, 2024

Myanmar is undergoing a digital transformation, significantly benefiting consumers and businesses through the growth of e-commerce and digital payment systems. This article examines the legal framework governing these areas, focusing on consumer protection, data privacy, and dispute resolution mechanisms.

Myanmar has implemented several key laws to regulate the e-commerce sector and ensure consumer protection. The Myanmar Consumer Protection Law (2019), under sections 7, 13, 14, and 18, safeguards consumer rights and ensures the quality and safety of goods and services. For e-commerce, this law mandates online sellers to provide clear and accurate information about their products and services, including prices, features, and terms of sale. It also requires businesses to handle consumer complaints promptly and fairly.

The Electronic Transactions Law (2004), under sections 8, 9, 10, and 20, provides the legal basis for electronic transactions, covering electronic contracts, digital signatures, and the admissibility of electronic records as evidence in legal proceedings. This law is crucial for the growth of e-commerce, ensuring that online transactions are legally recognized and binding.

The Myanmar Competition Law (2015), particularly sections 9 and 11, promotes fair competition and prevents monopolistic practices, regulating anti-competitive behaviors to ensure a level playing field for all businesses.

Digital payment systems are integral to the success of e-commerce, and Myanmar has implemented several regulations to ensure their security and reliability. The Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM) has issued recent directives and notifications, including updates on digital payment limits and agent banking services. These regulations are designed to support the government’s shift to a digital economy and to ensure the security and efficiency of digital transactions.

These directives ensure that digital payment transactions are secure and that providers comply with necessary operational standards. The Financial Institutions Law (2016), under sections 25 and 40, further regulates the operations of financial institutions offering digital payment services, setting out licensing requirements, operational guidelines, and supervisory mechanisms to ensure the stability and integrity of the financial system.

The Anti-Money Laundering Law (2014), specifically sections 5, 6, and 7, requires digital payment providers to implement customer due diligence, record-keeping, and reporting of suspicious transactions to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing. The Telecommunications Law (2013), particularly sections 28 and 43, impacts digital payment systems by regulating the infrastructure and services used for digital transactions, ensuring that digital payment services operate smoothly and securely.

E-commerce platforms and digital payment providers must ensure the privacy and security of consumer data. This includes implementing robust cybersecurity measures and obtaining explicit consent from users before collecting and processing their data. Consumers have the right to know how their data is being used and to access, correct, or delete their information.

Effective dispute resolution mechanisms are essential for maintaining consumer trust in digital services. Key components include customer service hotlines and support centers, online complaint forms, mediation services, the Consumer Protection Commission (CPC) as outlined in section 22 of the Consumer Protection Law, and arbitration or court proceedings for significant issues. The Myanmar Consumer Protection Rules (2022) specify procedures for consumers to file complaints and seek redress, facilitated by the Department of Consumer Affairs.

Overall, the legal framework governing e-commerce and digital payment systems in Myanmar is evolving to address the growing needs of the digital economy. By focusing on consumer protection, data privacy, and dispute resolution, Myanmar is laying the groundwork for a secure and trustworthy digital environment. Continued efforts by the government, businesses, and consumers will be crucial in ensuring that these regulations effectively protect consumer rights and promote the sustainable growth of digital services in Myanmar.


Aye is an experienced Myanmar regulatory expert. She is highly valued by her clients for her ability to work with local authorities at national and sub-national levels. She has extensive experience in working on pioneer thermal generation as well as transmission line issues for energy projects in Myanmar.

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